Litigation partner in Toronto office. BA from University of Toronto (1986) and LLB from McGill University (1989). After articling at Osler, clerked for Chief Justice of Ontario Court (General Division) before returning to firm in 1992. Assists broad range of Canadian and international franchisors with business critical disputes involving defaults, terminations and renewals, and under franchise statutes, disclosure, fair dealing and right of association issues. Experience defending franchisee group and class actions. Expertise in injunctions to enforce restrictive covenants and protect confidential information. Also handles distribution, employment, IP and defamation matters. Recognized for franchising in Chambers Canada (band 1), Best Lawyers of Canada (Toronto Franchise Lawyer of the Year for 2012 and 2016), International Who’s Who of Franchise Lawyers (Thought Leader 2017, 2018) and Who’s Who Legal: Canada. Selected as Franchise Times "Legal Eagle" since 2011, and Martindale-Hubbell, AV Preeminent rating. Frequent writer and speaker at Canadian and US franchise conferences. Chair of OBA’s Franchise Law Section, member of the CFA Convention Committee, past editor for ABA’s Franchise Law Journal (2012 to 2017), and sits on Havergal College Board of Governors.